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sukanto Kuri
Jul 16, 2022
In General Discussions
Surprisingly, the sexagenary cycle has been included in the most authoritative "Oxford English Dictionary" (OED for short). Regardless of totalitarian or democratic regimes, popular participation is already one of the most important issues in urban planning around the world. In Taiwan, this question must be answered in almost all urban planning decisions. However, does public participation mean "public exhibition", "public hearing" or "publication of meeting minutes online"? I'm afraid the case is not so simple. Public participation itself is an extremely complex political process, Image Manipulation Service especially involving the general public, NGOs, various government departments and developers. There will also be government units that can't figure out the situation and are led by the nose of the manufacturer). Who can participate and who can't? Who has the final say? Such a complex political process, if you add another dimension: time efficiency, it will be more complicated: how much time do we spend discussing? Or does it have to be discussed with the venue (such as the two public hearings for each public housing project) within a limited time, or is it more efficient to find members under the table to "rub the balls"? No wonder public sector chiefs often sigh: "Wear a steel helmet to communicate with the people". For the public sector, the cost of the communication process is very high, but for the general public who care about public issues, the cost may be even higher: the general public is faced with information chaos, the details of regulations are complex (especially urban renewal), the policy strategy has no general direction, but it is rigid After a series of small tactical discussions, the "discussion" may always be just a discussion and cannot be accepted as a policy. These are also sunk costs for the public to participate, and the lost trust often comes from this. 1 Arnstein's "The Ladder of Participation" (1969).
Of the Reasons for the Image Manipulation Service content media
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sukanto Kuri

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